Last updated 2024-04-04 05:25:47

What Is A Conditional In Programming?

In programming, a conditional is a statement or construct that allows you to perform different actions based on whether a certain condition is true or false.

It is used to control the direction or flow of a program. Depending on the result of a condition, different parts of the code will be executed

The " if statement." is a common way to perform conditional in most programming languages. Here's an example in Python:

01: var x = 10 02: 03: if (x > 5) { 04: console.log("x is greater than 5") 05: } else { 06: console.log("x is not greater than 5") 07: }

In this example, the if statement checks whether the condition x > 5 is true. If it is true, it executes the block of code under the if statement (in this case, it logs "x is greater than 5" to the screen). If the condition is false, it executes the block of code under the else statement (logs "x is not greater than 5" to screen).

There are also other types of conditional statements such as else if (often written as elif in languages like Python), switch statements (available in languages like PHP [↗]), and ternary operators (which provide a compact way of writing simple conditional statements).

Conditional statements are fundamental for creating programs that can make decisions and adapt their behavior based on different conditions or inputs.

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