Domain names are memorable names mapped to hard-to-remember strings of alphanumerics or numbers known as IP Addresses [→]. IP Addresses are used to locate servers that host resources such as websites we would like to visit.
Typing either into your browser's address bar will open up the same page. When you type the domain name (archive.org) a Domain Name System [↗] resolves to its respective IP address which is then used to locate the server housing the resource you would like to access.
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