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Last updated 2023-12-17 07:03:42

What Is Nesting In Programming?

Table of contents


Nesting in programming is the concept where one piece of code is found within another. With this, the interpretation [→] or code execution is done in a step-in step-out approach where the nested code is executed and the results resurfaced above to be used by the code above.

Use case

Let's look at some examples in code:

01: 02: var fruits = ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Cherry', 'Orange', 'Mango'] 03: 04: var numberOfFruits = fruits.length 05: 06: for(var count = 0; numberOfFruits > count; count++) { 07: printer(fruits[count]) // <== output below: 08: } 09: 10: console.log("done") 11: 12: // output: 13: // Apple 5 14: // Banana 6 15: // Cherry 6 16: // Orange 6 17: // Mango 5 18: // done 19: function printer(item) { 20: console.log(item, item.length); 21: }

In the example Javascript code shown, the printer function is nested within a for loop. This function is defined on a different line (17:19). Each time an item in the fruits array is looped over the function is called and its logic is executed.

Anything outside the loop nest will not be executed until it is done. Thus done will only be printed to screen once the loop is done.


Nesting makes it possible to create somewhat isolated "context boxes" in other to componentise code execution. This idea is known as scoping [→].

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